London, located in the south of England, is the capital of the United Kingdom, currently being the largest city in Great Britain and the European continent with more than 1,572 square kilometers and with a number of inhabitants exceeding 8.5 million.
The official language is British English although due to the great cultural mix, where more than 40 different cultures live together, more than 300 languages are spoken. Founded by the Romans with the name of Londinium in 43 AD, it became one of the richest and most prosperous cities in the Roman Empire. Currently we can still see traces of the great wall on the ground floor of the London Museum, in Tower Hill and near the Burbican Cultural Center.
During the III and IV centuries the city was invaded and ruined by the Norse, period known as the Dark Age. However, in the seventh century with the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons, London became the city of the royal residence and the main urban center of the country. Thus the economy of the city was reborn and commerce prospered.
From 1067 the city began to have the same rights as a county, depending only on the royal authority. It is the same time as the Tower of London, declared a World Heritage Site and where the jewels of the Crown are guarded. It was also where Henry VIII beheaded one of his wives, Ana Bolena. And this Tudor liked to roll their heads ...
For years England lacked fixed capital. It was from the thirteenth century when Westminster became the main seat of government, declaring London as the capital of the country. Since the 16th century, the city has expanded thanks to the distribution of merchandise, the textile industry and the maritime trade, to reach 100,000 inhabitants during the reign of Henry VIII and 500,000 in the 17th century. In 1665 most of the city was enclosed within the old wall and this led to a serious epidemic of plague. The following year, a great fire, caused by the Royal Baker, Thomas Farriner, burned 80% of the city. After the fire, King Carlos II created a regulation by which all new constructions must be made of stone or brick. Currently in the center of La City we can find The Monument, which recalls where the fire originated. With the reconstruction of La City, it became the center of the city's social life.
By the end of the 19th century it had become the international financial and commercial center, increasing its population by some 4.5 million inhabitants. The last great historical event that London suffered were the World Wars, wars that took many lives and destroyed much of its charm, although luckily not everything! It is currently one of the cosmopolitan cities of reference and center of different cultural fields.